Some cancer survivors report that they still feel tired or worn out. In fact, fatigue is one of the most common complaints during the first year of recovery.
Rest or sleep does not cure the type of fatigue that you may have. Doctors do not know its exact causes. The causes of fatigue are different for people who are receiving treatment than they are for those who have finished.
Just as cancer treatment affects your physical health, it can affect the way you feel, think, and do the things you like to do. It's normal to have many different feelings after treatment ends. Just as you need to take care of your body after treatment, you need to take care of your emotions.
"Not being able to concentrate the way I used to has been the hardest for me. I'm hoping it doesn't affect my work."—Josh
Research shows that one in four people with cancer reports memory and attention problems after chemotherapy. This is sometimes called "chemobrain." Many survivors describe this as "brain fog," which can lead to problems paying attention, finding the right word, or remembering new things.
Guideline Status: Current
Published ahead of print April 5, 2018, DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2018.78.1914
Kutluk Oktay, Brittany E. Harvey, Ann H. Partridge, Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Joyce Reinecke, Hugh S. Taylor, W. Hamish Wallace, Erica T. Wang, and Alison W. Loren
To provide current recommendations about fertility preservation for adults and children with cancer.
Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board, 04/2018
Many cancer treatments affect fertility temporarily or permanently. Fertility is the ability to become pregnant. Infertility is an inability to become pregnant or maintain a pregnancy.
Before treatment begins, talk with your health care team. Ask how treatment could affect your fertility. And ask about your options for preserving fertility.
How cancer treatments affect fertility
Fertility problems from cancer or cancer treatment occur in 2 main ways:
General Information about Late Effects
Late effects are health problems that occur months or years after treatment has ended.
Late effects in childhood cancer survivors affect the body and mind.
There are three important factors that affect the risk of late effects.
The chance of having late effects increases over time.
Regular follow-up care is very important for survivors of childhood cancer.
Good health habits are also important for survivors of childhood cancer.
Cancer treatments and cancer can cause side effects. Side effects are problems that occur when treatment affects healthy tissues or organs. Speak up about any side effects you have, or changes you notice, so your health care team can treat or help you to reduce these side effects.
Learn about steps you can take to prevent or manage the side effects listed below:
During the past five decades, dramatic progress has been made in the development of curative therapy for pediatric malignancies. Long-term survival into adulthood is the expectation for more than 80% of children with access to contemporary therapies for pediatric malignancies.[1,2] The therapy responsible for this survival can also produce adverse long-term health-related outcomes, referred to as late effects, which manifest months to years after completion of cancer treatment.
Today, because of advances in treatment, more than 8 out of 10 children treated for cancer survive at least 5 years, and most of these children are cured. But the treatments that help these children survive their cancer can also cause health problems later on.
A number of different types of cutaneous reactions that affect the skin, hair, and nails can occur with cancer treatment. ONS PEP resources focus on those effects other than alopecia that are most often encountered, including rash, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE) (hand-foot syndrome), xerosis, paronychia, photosensitivity, and pruritus.